Contra – Kontra (Bugarija), is slightly larger than Bass-Prim(Brač). The Body (corpus) is in the form of a guitar and is composed of a frame, upper and lower boards. The frame and the bottom board are usually made of maple, but they can alo be made of other wood (maple, pear, plum, cherry, mulberry, walnut). The top board is made of spruce or fir.The Neck (handle) is cone-shaped, built mostly from the same wood as the trunk, and set in to it. The top of the neck is notched, and over it a board , 2 - 3 mm thick, is glued, made of hard wood (usually ebony or walnut).
The total length of the instrument is 1020 - 1040 mm. The Body length is 466-490 mm. Maximum width of the body is 350-380 mm, a maximum height of the Body frame is 83-86 mm. The upper board (ie the soundboard) is made mostly of: spruce or fir.The thickness of the upper board (ie the soundboard) is 2 - 3 mm .There are five strings of which the first two are doubles. It is tuned the tones e1 - h - gis - e (E chord). The touch-tone scale is chromatic , and includes tones from e to fis2.
Contra – Kontra (Bugarija), has a very important role in an orchestra. It is predominantly a harmony - rhythmic instrument, but it can have (especially in smaller ensembles) a melodic role. In smaller orchestras one is used, and in larger several more.
In order to make a better sounding orchestra ,and its harmonic expansion opportunities, in major orchestras most commonly two Contra – Kontra (Bugarija) are used:in the key of E and in tke key of A.
’’A ‘’Contra – Kontra (Bugarija) is similar to Cello(Celo), and is built from the same wood and in the same way as the ‘’E ‘’Contra – Kontra (Bugarija). There are four strings that are tuned to tones: a - e - cis - a.
Its shares in the score are written and marked in several ways:
The symbol O above the note indicates a major chord (with the same name), + over the note indicates a minor chord (with the same name) and 7 above a note indicates a chord - 7 (with the same name : A7,E7…). ©tamburica.org©
:This is how it sounds: