Contra – Kontra (Bugarija)

Contra – Kontra (Bugarija), is slightly larger than Bass-Prim(Brač). The Body (corpus) is in the form of a guitar and is composed of a frame, upper and lower boards. The frame and the bottom board are usually made ​​of maple, but they can alo be made of other wood (maple, pear, plum, cherry, mulberry, walnut). The top board is made of spruce or fir.The  Neck (handle) is  cone-shaped, built mostly from the same wood as the trunk, and set in to it. The top of the neck is notched, and over it a board ,  2 - 3 mm thick, is glued, made ​​of hard wood (usually ebony or walnut).

The total length of the instrument is 1020 - 1040 mm. The Body length is 466-490 mm. Maximum width of the body is 350-380 mm, a maximum height of the Body frame is  83-86 mm. The upper board (ie the soundboard) is made mostly of: spruce or fir.The thickness of the upper board (ie the soundboard) is 2 - 3 mm .There are five strings of which the first two are doubles. It is tuned the tones e1 - h - gis - e (E chord). The touch-tone scale is chromatic , and includes tones from  e to fis2.

Contra – Kontra (Bugarija),  has a very important role in an orchestra. It is predominantly a harmony -  rhythmic instrument, but it can have (especially in smaller ensembles) a melodic role. In smaller orchestras one is used, and in larger  several more.

In order to make a better sounding orchestra ,and its harmonic expansion opportunities, in major orchestras most commonly two Contra – Kontra (Bugarija) are used:in the key of  E and in tke key of A.

’’A ‘’Contra – Kontra (Bugarija) is similar to Cello(Celo), and is built from the same wood and in the same way as the ‘’E ‘’Contra – Kontra (Bugarija). There are four strings that are tuned to tones: a - e - cis - a.

Its shares in the score are written and marked in several ways:

  • Entering a particular chord in tones (the violin and bass-key);
  • Encrypted harmonies;
  • Symbols.

The symbol O above the note indicates a major chord (with the same name), + over the note indicates a minor chord (with the same name) and  7 above a note  indicates a chord - 7 (with the same name : A7,E7…). ©©

:This is how it sounds:

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